Every human being identifies with the terms “me, myself, and I.” Until the middle of the nineteenth century, western thought assumed these words were manifest in three real and distinct components, the body, mind and soul. More recently, scientific materialism has challenged this intuitive reality asserting that “self” is just a product of the body’s nervous system and the soul is nothing but a myth. What is the empirical answer to this question? What is the latest research telling us? What are the social, political, and economic implications? We’ll help you separate fact from fiction.