Of all the areas in which service robots could make an impact on our lives, the biggest has to be transportation. If we could suddenly transition to a world where every vehicle was completely autonomous on January 1, 2019, there is little doubt that state-of the art technology could seamlessly handle the job with fewer accidents, lower costs, and faster drive times. However, the transition from a human-controlled fleet to one that is totally machine-controlled represents a far bigger leap than generally appreciated. What are the issues? How might they be addressed? What will this mean to you? We’ll provide answers to these questions and more.