Even before Intel’s Gordon Moore raised our awareness of it, the steadily increasing density of silicon-based electronic components was doubling the price-performance of computing every 18 to 24 months. Throughout the 40+ years that this has continued, we’ve always worried that we’d eventually reach fundamental physical limits that would stop our advance. To ensure that this doesn’t happen anytime soon, scientists are working to extend the limits of silicon computing, as well as creating whole new hardware paradigms based on graphene and newly emerging semiconductor materials. What are the implications? And, what do you need to know? We’ll provide the answers.